Revealed

A blog about scientific and medical visualization and all that’s involved.

Archive for the ‘biology’ Category

National Geographic Best Science Images 2008

Posted by Janet on October 7, 2008

Check out the winning entries of National Geographics’ Photos: Best Science Images of 2008 here:
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/09/photogalleries/2008-best-science-photos/index.html

Thanks Sarah for the heads up!

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Posted in anatomy, biology, digital 2D/3D, photography/imaging | Tagged: , , | 1 Comment »

David Attenborough–Orchid Wasp Mimic Video

Posted by Janet on August 31, 2008

Update: It seems like there are problems with some of the video links. When you click the play button, a message tells you the video is no longer available. I was still able to watch it on YouTube though. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-h8I3cqpgnA.

This is just cool…

Posted in biology, botanical, videos, zoological | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Student Works–Megan Thomas

Posted by Janet on August 13, 2008

Here is a piece by Megan Thomas illustrating glomerular filtration in the nephron of the kidney.

This illustration was made using 3D Studio Max and Photoshop. For more information, contact Megan at megan.spindel@gmail.com.

Posted in anatomy, biology, digital 2D/3D, student works gallery | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Student Works: Cindy Schroeder

Posted by Janet on June 30, 2008

Here is the work of Cindy Schroeder showing DNA unwinding proteins at the replication fork:

Cindy is going into her second year at UIC’s Biomedical Visualization program. This digital piece combines 3D Studio Max and Photoshop and is currently her favorite piece.

To view her website, go to www.cynthiaschroeder.com. Cindy can be contacted through cynthiaschroeder246@yahoo.com.

Posted in biology, student works gallery | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Amazing Ant Nest

Posted by Janet on June 18, 2008

This is an excerpt from the documentary “Ants! Nature’s Secret Power.”

I didn’t find the full video, but a description of it can be found here on Think or Thwim.

Posted in biology, videos | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Interview–Walter Tschinkel

Posted by Janet on May 22, 2008

Last Sunday I saw a segment on the morning news about Dr. Walter Tschinkel, an entomologist at Florida State University who studies ant nest architecture. On the news, Dr. Tschinkel and his team melted pieces of aluminum in a large can, poured it down the opening of an ant nest. When the metal hardened, the team then excavated a large beautiful cast underground that represented the tunnels and chambers of the ant colony. After seeing this, I became fascinated by the process and immediately contacted Dr. Tschinkel to find out more about his work:

me:How did you become interested in ants?
Walter Tschinkel: “I first became interested in the chemical communication in [social] insects and began working with ants. This then led to [the study of] social biology of ants and eventually I started studying the architecture in nests (about 15 years ago). I began casting nests first using dental plaster, and 6 years ago started using metal.”

me:How did you come up with the idea of making casts of ants’ nests?
Walter Tschinkel: “I was trying to pioneer the study of nest architecture by describing the range of architecture between species and within species. I would find nests and make plaster casts. The disadvantage of plaster casts is that they break easily so after you dig them up, you have to glue the pieces back together again. But the advantage is that you can break them into pieces, soak them in water for about a month to break the pieces further, and study the ants. Occasionally we use metal [casting] for display, or we use them for nests with narrow channels. Zinc is what we use. The disadvantage is [in addition to] sacrificing all the ants, you can’t count them afterwards.”

Above: Stereo Images of casts of ant nests. Cross your eyes to see the form in 3D.

me:Wow. So when you break apart your plaster casting, do you place different chambers in separate containers to compare the ants?
Walter Tschinkel: “Sometimes we do, but mostly we look at all the ants at the same time. Usually we look at all the ants together when the chambers are close together, but if the species’ nests have a long vertical shaft with horizontal chambers on the bottom, we may separate the part and look at it on the side.
I have three or four papers on this topic. Did I send them to you? They’re posted on my website.”

me:I don’t believe I got those links, but I’ll definitely look for them on your website later. *brief silence* Did you have any unexpected findings the first time you saw the cast?
Walter Tschinkel: “Ohh yes. At the time I was studying fire ant colonies and had theories about their nest architecture, so I decided to take a plaster cast [to compare with my theory]. The plaster cast showed something completely unexpected, which shows just how complicated the nests can be and how difficult it is to study something three-dimensional that you can’t see. So after that I expanded on that idea and started making casts of other species.”

me:How do the nests of different species compare with nests of the same species of ants? Is there anything else that’s interesting and you would like to share?
Walter Tschinkel: “A typical ant nest is made up of one or more vertical shafts that link together the horizontal chambers. Details vary between species. [In general] different species have different nests architecture; related species have similar nest architecture. Also interesting is the strong [positive] relationship between the number of ants [in the nest] and size of that nest…actually, the nests are built by different ants, so the majority of the ants living in a nest are not the ones who built that nest, but the relationship holds anyway. *brief pause* The ants are born in bottom of the nest. During their life cycle they gradually move up and change jobs. Near the last part of their lives they go out onto the surface and these are the ants that we usually see looking for food.”

me:That’s very interesting! How do you experimentally determine their age in relation to which part of the nest they occupy?
Walter Tschinkel: “We do so by tracing the pigmentation of the ants—the ants are pale when first becoming the adult, so we can look at color of ants throughout different parts of the nest and find that there are more pale ants near the bottom. Or we look at mandible wear—the older the ant, the more wear there is on their mandible. With this method we judge their relative age based on relative wear.

*long pause as I go through my list of questions to make sure I didn’t miss anything*
me:Ummm…ok….can you share the details about the process and materials of casting the nest?
Walter Tschinkel: “I use orthodontal plaster because it’s cheap and you can buy it online in any dental supply store. For metal I chose zinc for its low melting point. I get the zinc free from old anodes at marine shipyards. Zinc corrodes and steel doesn’t, so they attach zinc bars to the hull of the ship, and replace them when they are about half corroded away. Sometimes I use aluminum from old aluminum scuba tanks. We place charcoal in an insulated garbage can, and put the aluminum in the bottom half of a steel scuba tank to melt metal [placed in a smaller container within the tank and then pour the molten metal down the nest opening].”

Above: Materials used for metal casting, including the kiln (big metal container in the center).

Above: Pouring metal into a nest opening.

At this point we concluded the bulk of the interview and began chatting a little about other things. I learned that Dr. Tschinkel used to do pen and ink illustrations for his own publications, and now does color pencil illustrations while traveling. Here is a color pencil drawing he shared with me:

For more information on Walter Tschinkel and his work, go to:
http://www.bio.fsu.edu/faculty-tschinkel.php
http://www.insectscience.org/4.21/
http://insectscience.org/5.9/ (there are a few stereo images on this site)
http://bio.fsu.edu/~tschink/publications/2003-3.pdf

Posted in biology, interviews | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

DNA Wrapping and Replication

Posted by Janet on March 29, 2008

Update: Here’s a narrated version of “Molecular Visualizations of DNA,” both parts 1 and 2. Thanks Alex B for bringing part 1 to my attention.

Animation: Drew Berry
Script: Max Whitby
Narration: Susan Parke
Sound FX: Franc Tetaz
Time-lapse mitosis: Jeremy Pickette-Heaps

Nice video. Does anybody know who made this? Enjoy!

Posted in animation, biology, videos | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

Learning Genetics the Fun Way

Posted by Janet on February 20, 2008

The University of Utah Learn Genetics website is full of concise illustrations, photographs, and interactive components that make learning about genetics fun. Try exploring the website by clicking on the links on the right hand column, and you might come across some neat things. My personal favorites are the Biotechniques Virtual Laboratory and Mouse Party (beware of sound). The thing I like about this site is that it presents ideas clearly in a non-intimidating manner, making it appropriate to a wide range of audience. You don’t have to know a lot about genetics to enjoy it, but knowing it will increase your appreciation for the way the information is presented. Despite a large amount of information, the website is easy to navigate. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/.

Posted in biology, reference | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Molecular Movies

Posted by Janet on February 8, 2008

One of the professors I TA for frequently uses videos and animations in his lectures, which I think is a great way to present dense information to students because it helps them visualize a concept right away and really stresses how dynamic cellular functions are. One of the links he sent me was http://www.molecularmovies.com/index.html. As the name implies, this site contains animations on various topics of molecular and cellular biology. The “showcase” page displays a list of screenshots with a description and a link to the movie. I just watched one about apoptosis by Drew Berry and that just sends chills up my spines. “The Inner Life of the Cell,” which I mentioned in a previous entry, can also be found on this page. In addition to the videos, there is a “learnings” page where you can download tutorials for modeling molecular and cellular structures in 3D softwares (mostly Maya).

Posted in animation, biology, videos | Tagged: , , , , , | 2 Comments »